Background SOT101 (INN: nanrilkefusp alfa), a fusion protein of IL-15 and the IL-15 receptor α sushi+ domain, was investigated in AURELIO-03 (NCT04234113), a phase 1 dose-escalation study, as monotherapy and in combination with pembrolizumab. In that trial, combination had a favorable safety profile and MTD was not reached up to the recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) for monotherapy. Maximum activation of natural killer cells was observed already at low dose levels, maximum CD8+ T cell activation was reached from 9 to 12 µg/kg, no relevant effect on T regulatory cells was observed. Therefore, 12 µg/kg SOT101 was selected as combination RP2D. Encouraging efficacy signals were observed, even in immune checkpoint inhibitor (CPI)-relapsed patients. For combination therapy, the majority of patients had clinical benefit.1,2 Study AURELIO-04 (NCT05256381) aims to further evaluate the efficacy of SOT101 in combination with pembrolizumab in selected solid tumor indications.
Methods AURELIO-04 is a phase 2 single-arm study in:
Non-small cell lung cancer after a CPI and/or platinum regimen, with no EGFR or ALK aberration
Unresectable or metastatic MSI-H/dMMR colorectal cancer
First-line cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma not curable by surgery or radiation and second-line after a CPI regimen
Hepatocellular carcinoma after a CPI regimen
Metastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) after docetaxel
Ovarian cancer after a platinum regimen
Main inclusion criteria are measurable disease as per RECIST 1.1, accessible tumor tissue, ECOG PS 0-1, adequate organ function, no prior IL-2 or IL-15 therapy. For mCRPC, a defined number of patients with non-measurable disease is allowed.
Patients will receive 12 µg/kg SOT101 s.c. on days 1, 2, 8, and 9 in combination with 200 mg pembrolizumab i.v. on day 1 every 3 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Primary endpoint is overall response rate (ORR) per RECIST 1.1. Key secondary endpoints include efficacy parameters such as progression-free survival, frequency and severity of treatment-emergent adverse events, pharmacokinetics (PK) including population PK, pharmacodynamics, and immunogenicity parameters.
Approximately 55 patients per indication will be enrolled. No formal testing of statistical hypotheses is planned, analyses will be descriptive. Considering benchmark ORRs, a futility analysis is planned for each indication separately. Exploratory analyses include immune and molecular biomarkers.
Recruitment started in June 2022.
Champiat S, Marabelle A, Galvao V, et al. SOT101, an IL-2/IL-15 Rβγ superagonist, in combination with pembrolizumab in patients with advanced solid tumors: Interim safety and efficacy results from the AURELIO-03 dose escalation trial. Presented at: American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2022; April 8-13, 2022; New Orleans, LA.
Garralda E, Naing A, Galvao V, et al. Interim safety and efficacy results from AURELIO-03, a phase 1 dose escalation study of the IL-2/IL-15R βγ receptor superagonist SOT101 as a single agent and in combination with pembrolizumab in patients with advanced solid tumors. Presented at: American Society of Clinical Oncology Annual Meeting 2022; June 3-7, 2022; Chicago, IL.
Ethics Approval The study was approved by Advarra Institutional Review Board approval number Pro00062123. Participants give informed consent before taking part
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