Article Text

Download PDFPDF

754 A phase 1/2 study of ASP1570 in participants with locally advanced or metastatic solid tumors who have progressed on, or are ineligible for, all available standard therapies
  1. Manish Patel1,
  2. David Park2,
  3. Stefano Tarantolo3,
  4. Afshin Dowlati4,
  5. Daniel Olson5,
  6. Yuichiro Kaneko6,
  7. Mei Tang7,
  8. Serguei Soukharev7,
  9. Masaomi Takizawa6,
  10. Yohei Okada6,
  11. Christine Fredericks7,
  12. Derek Smith7,
  13. Teresa Flegel7,
  14. Tsubasa Watanabe7,
  15. Sue Lee7 and
  16. Jason Luke8
  1. 1Florida Cancer Specialists/Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Sarasota, FL, USA
  2. 2St Jude Crosson Cancer Institute, Fullerton, CA, USA
  3. 3Midwest Cancer Center, Omaha, NE, USA
  4. 4University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center and Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA
  5. 5University of Chicago Comprehensive Cancer Center, Chicago, IL, USA
  6. 6Astellas Pharma, Inc., Northbrook, IL, USA
  7. 7Astellas Pharma Global Development, Inc., Northbrook, IL, USA
  8. 8UPMC Hillman Cancer Center, Pittsburgh, PA, USA


Background Cancer immunotherapies target immune checkpoints and have been transformative in the treatment practices of oncology. However, only a subset of all patients in most cancer types effectively respond to these therapies. It has been established that approximately 60% to 70% of patients who receive anti–programmed cell death protein-1 (anti–PD-1) or anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte–associated antigen 4 (CTLA4) do not respond to treatment.1 Furthermore, acquired resistance is common, causing some patients who initially responded to the therapy to later experience disease progression. Therefore, there is a significant opportunity for immunotherapy expansion in cancer treatment.

Diacylglycerol kinase (DGK) is a large enzyme family of 10 mammalian isoenzymes that catalyzes the conversion of diacylglycerol (DAG) to phosphatidic acid (PA). In T cells, DGK (such as DGKζ) inhibits DAG-mediated signals following T-cell receptor engagement by catalyzing the conversion of DAG to PA.2 Even when PD-1 is blocked by anti–PD-1 antibodies, there may be partial inactivation by DGK. Therefore, DGK inhibitors have the potential to enhance DAG downstream signaling, leading to T-cell activation regardless of the PD-1 signal. ASP1570 is a novel inhibitor against DGKζ and has the potential to enhance DAG downstream signaling which can activate T cells regardless of PD-1 signaling and lead to tumor killing. ASP1570 restored T-cell functions suppressed by multiple immunosuppressive signals (PD-1, transforming growth factor beta, prostaglandin E2, and adenosine) and induced tumor growth inhibition in mice models of MC38 (anti-PD1 sensitive) and B16-F1 (tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte poor, anti–PD-1 insensitive). Taken together, ASP1570 treatment as a single agent and/or in combination with anti–PD-1 therapy for locally advanced or metastatic solid tumors may result in clinical benefit.

Methods This is a phase 1/2, open-label, multicenter, multiple-dose, dose-escalation/expansion study of ASP1570 in participants with locally advanced or metastatic solid tumors. The study will enroll approximately 168 participants into 2 phases, dose escalation and dose expansion, to assess safety, tolerability, efficacy, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics (figure 1). The study will consist of the following periods: screening, treatment with ASP1570 daily oral dosing in 21-day cycles, end of treatment, follow-up (safety and survival follow-up), and end of study (figure 2). The study is open for enrollment.

Acknowledgements We thank the patients, investigators, and study teams for being involved in this study. Editorial support was provided by OPEN Health and funded by Astellas Pharma, Inc. This study is funded by Astellas Pharma, Inc.

Trial Registration NCT05083481


  1. Simeone E, Ascierto PA. Anti-PD-1 and PD-L1 antibodies in metastatic melanoma. Melanoma Manag. 2017;4:175–178.

  2. Zhong XP, Guo R, Zhou H, Liu C, Wan CK. Diacylglycerol kinases in immune cell function and self-tolerance. Immunol Rev. 2008;224:249–264.

Ethics Approval This study received IRB approval from Advarra (Pro00055357), and all participants must provide informed consent before taking part.

Consent Written informed consent was obtained from the patient for publication of this abstract and any accompanying images. A copy of the written consent is available for review by the Editor of this journal.

Abstract 754 Figure 1

Study Design Schema

Abstract 754 Figure 2

Study Visit Schema

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.