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Differential expression of PD-1 and Tim-3 marks activation versus exhaustion status of T cells in the tumor microenvironment
  1. Jing Li1 and
  2. Robert L Ferris2
  1. Aff1 grid.12527.330000000106623178Department of Pharmacy, School of MedicineTsinghua University Beijing, Pittsburgh PA China, USA
  2. Aff2 grid.21925.3d0000000419369000University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute Pittsburgh PA USA

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Meeting abstracts

Programmed Death 1 (PD-1) and T cell Ig and mucin domain-3 protein (Tim-3) are two immune checkpoint receptors (ICR) highly co-expressed on tumor infiltrating T lymphocytes (TIL). PD-1 has been shown to inhibit T cell activation and type 1 T cell responses, while Tim-3 has been proposed as a further marker of exhaustion on TIL [1, 2], leading us to investigate the phenotypic and functional characteristics of TIL with differential PD-1 and Tim-3 expression from head and neck cancer (HNC) patients. Our data showed that PD-1+Tim-3+ CD8+ and Foxp3- CD4+ TILs manifested high phosphorylated signal transducers and activators of transcription 1 (p-STAT1) and the associated Th1 transcription factor T-bet, which might correlate with T cell exhaustion, both at baseline and upon TCR stimulation. Moreover, the sorted PD-1+Tim-3+ CD8+ TILs expressed the lowest IFN-γ and TNF-α transcripts and the least amount of secreted IFN-γ upon TCR stimulation, indicating they are the most dysfunctional T cells in the tumor microenvironment (TME). Among CD4+CD25lo/- TIL subsets, PD-1hiTim-3- cells are more defective in terms of IFN-γ expression. Sorted PD-1intTim-3- CD8+ and CD4+CD25lo/- TILs showed higher TCR-stimulated expression of IFN-γ and TNF-α transcripts and secretion of IFN-γ, suggesting they are the most activated subsets. In addition, sorted PD-1+Tim-3+ and PD-1hiTim-3- TIL were less proliferative than other subsets, concomitant with lower expression of phosphorylated S6 (p-S6), while PD-1intTim-3-, PD-1-Tim-3+ and PD-1-Tim-3- TIL retained p-S6 activation or proliferation, suggesting that high expression of PD-1 on T cells interferes with TCR or Tim-3 signaling and associated cellular activation status. Taken together, PD-1+Tim-3+ and PD-1hiTim-3- TIL are most dysfunctional, while PD-1intTim-3- TIL are more activated in terms of both Th1 cytokine production and proliferation. These results provide a better understanding of the functional status of TIL subsets and roles of PD-1 and Tim-3 in regulating anti-tumor T cell response, as targets for cancer immunotherapy.


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