Background Chemoradiotherapy (CRT) followed by maintenance treatment with the PD-L1 inhibitor durvalumab is a new standard of care for inoperable stage III NSCLC. The present study aims to evaluate the oncological outcome of patients treated with CRT alone to those treated with CRT and durvalumab (CRT-IO) in the real-world setting.
Methods Retro- and prospectively collected data of 133 consecutive inoperable stage III NSCLC patients treated between 2011–2019 were evaluated. Local-regional-recurrence-free-survival (LRPFS - defined as progression in the mediastinum, hilum and/or supraclavicular region at both sides and the involved lung), progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were evaluated from last day of thoracic radiotherapy (TRT).
Results Median age at diagnosis was 68.5 years; 44 (33%) were female; 58 (44%) were diagnosed with adenocarcinoma. All patients were irradiated to a total dose of at least 60 Gy (EQD2). Median PTV was 709.8 cc (range: 181–1958 cc). 113 (85%) patients were treated with CRT and 20 (15%) PD-L1 expressing patients with CRT-IO. 83% of patients received two cycles of concomitant platinum-based chemotherapy. Median time to initiation of durvalumab after CRT was 0.8 months (range: 0.4–2.1). Median follow-up for entire cohort was 33.3 months (range: 4.8–111.8) and median overall survival (OS) was 24.7 (95% CI: 18.9–30.4) months. In the CRT-IO cohort after a median follow-up of 15.5 (range: 5.1–20.2) months, no deaths were reported at the time of evaluation (August 2020). Improved LRPFS (p=0.013), PFS (p=0.033) and OS (p=0.002) were correlated with CRT-IO compared to the historical cohort of conventional CRT patients.After propensity-score matching (PSM) analysis with age, gender, histology, tumor volume and treatment mode and exact matching for T-and N-stage, 18 CRT-IO patients were matched 1:2 to 36 CRT patients. 12-month LRPFS, PFS and OS rates in the CRT-IO vs CRT cohort were 80% vs 38.8% (p=0.001), 50% vs 22% (p=0.013) and 100% vs 75% (p=0.002), respectively. Also regarding intracranial failure, 6-month brain metastases rates were 0% vs. 6% in the CRT-IO vs CRT cohort (p=0.290).
Conclusions This real-world analysis demonstrates that durvalumab after CRT has led to significant improvement of local-regional control, PFS and OS in PD-L1 expressing inoperable stage III NSCLC patients compared to a historical cohort.
Acknowledgements The study was partly presented at 2020 Annual Meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO).
Trial Registration N/A
Ethics Approval The study was approved by Ludwig-Maximilians-University (LMU), Munich, Germany: Institution’s Ethics Board, approval number 17-230.
Consent Written informed consent was obtained from the patient for publication of this abstract and any accompanying images. A copy of the written consent is available for review by the Editor of this journal.
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