Background Interleukin 8 (IL-8) is a C-X-C chemokine that exerts protumorigenic effects in the tumor microenvironment, including recruiting immunosuppressive PMN-MDSCs and promoting angiogenesis.1–3 Elevated serum IL-8 (sIL-8) is a negative prognostic indicator in patients with solid tumors and may have predictive value in patients treated with immunotherapies.2 4 5 BMS-986253, a fully human-sequence IgG1κ anti–IL-8 monoclonal antibody, binds IL-8 and prevents signaling through CXCR1/CXCR2 and has been shown to be safe in patients with advanced cancers.3 We present initial results of BMS-986253 + NIVO from a phase 1/2a trial in patients with advanced cancers who had detectable sIL-8 levels, the majority of whom had progressed on/after prior anti–PD-(L)1 (NCT03400332).
Methods During safety evaluation/dose exploration, patients with advanced metastatic solid tumors (melanoma, NSCLC, SCCHN, RCC, or UCC) and detectable sIL-8 (>10 pg/mL at screening) received BMS-986253 600 (n=16), 1200 (n=15), or 2400 mg (n=18) Q4W, or 1200 (n=12) or 2400 mg (n=59) Q2W, + NIVO 480 mg intravenously Q4W. Safety, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and preliminary antitumor activity were evaluated (investigator-assessed, RECIST v1.1).
Results As of March 20, 2020, 120 patients (median age, 63 years [range, 35–87 years]) received BMS-986253 + NIVO; 97% of patients received prior anti–PD-(L)1 therapy, and 25% received prior anti–CTLA-4 therapy. BMS-986253 + NIVO was well tolerated with no dose-limiting toxicities observed. Most TRAEs were grade 1–2. The most common (≥5% of patients) TRAEs (any grade; grade 3–4) were fatigue (9%; 1%), nausea (7%; 0%), rash/rash maculopapular (6%; 0%), pruritus (5%; 0%), and decreased appetite (5%; 0%). Grade 3–4 serious TRAEs were reported in 2 patients (infusion-related reaction, BMS-986253 2400 mg Q2W + NIVO; AST/ALT increased, BMS-986253 1200 mg Q4W + NIVO). BMS-986253 exposure increased dose proportionally and was not altered with NIVO. BMS-986253 resulted in dose-dependent reductions in free sIL-8 levels, with tumor IL-8 suppression detected in most patients evaluated; additional pharmacodynamic endpoints will be presented. Partial responses were observed in multiple tumor types, including 5 of 28 patients with melanoma who had progressed on/after prior anti–PD-(L)1; 4 of the 5 patients were also previously treated with anti–CTLA-4.
Conclusions BMS-986253 + NIVO demonstrated a tolerable safety profile with dose-proportional pharmacokinetics and robust sIL-8 suppression. Preliminary antitumor activity was observed across a range of doses/regimens in this biomarker-enriched, anti–PD-(L)1–experienced, heterogeneous patient population with advanced cancers. These findings support further evaluation of BMS-986253 in select advanced tumors.
Acknowledgements The authors acknowledge Dr Charles Drake while at Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY, USA, for his contributions to the study.
Trial Registration NCT03400332
Ethics Approval This study was approved by the WCG Independent Review Board, approval number 20172711.
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