Background Electroporated plasmid interleukin-12 (pIL-12-EP; tavokinogene telseplasmid; TAVO) induces sustained intratumoral expression of IL-12, a cytokine that is integral for response to anti-PD-1 antibodies. Here, we present updated safety and response duration data from KEYNOTE 695, a Phase 2, multicenter, open-label trial of pIL-12-EP in combination with pembrolizumab in patients with stage III/IV melanoma immediately following confirmed progression on an anti-PD-1 antibody.
Methods Patients with confirmed disease progression after ≥12 weeks‘ treatment with an anti-PD-1 antibody alone or in combination were eligible. Patients received intratumoral pIL-12-EP on days 1, 5 and 8 every 6 weeks and pembrolizumab 200 mg every 3 weeks. Responses were assessed by the investigator at 12-week intervals using RECIST v1.1; overall survival (OS) and duration of response (DoR) assessments were conducted using the Kaplan-Meier method.
Results Of the first 56 patients treated, 50% had visceral disease (M1b-d), 80% had received 1–2 and 20% ≥3 prior lines of therapy, 27% had prior ipilimumab and 21% prior BRAF/MEK inhibitors. 61% of patients were primary refractory to anti-PD-1. 54 patients were efficacy evaluable, defined as patients who had at least one post-treatment scan. The investigator-assessed objective response rate (ORR) per RECIST was 27.8% (4 CR, 11 PR); ORR per iRECIST was 29.6%. In patients with M1b-d staging, ORR was 33.3% (n=9/27), and in those receiving prior ipilimumab, ORR was 33.3% (n=5/15). Seven patients had 100% reduction in target lesions, and regression was observed in non-injected lesions. The median DoR had not been reached. With a median follow up of 19.3 months, the median OS (95% CI) was 24.5 (14.4, NR) months (figure 1). The study is now fully enrolled. In 105 patients with safety data, there were no Grade 4/5 treatment-related adverse events (TRAEs) reported. Grade 3 TRAEs occurred in 5.7% and comprised cellulitis in two patients and arthralgia, pneumonitis, enteritis, keratoacanthoma, lichen planus and musculoskeletal chest pain in one patient each. The Grade 1/2 TRAEs in ≥10% patients were fatigue (27.6%), procedural pain (20.0%), diarrhea (17.1%), nausea (10.5%) and pruritus (10.5%). ORR by blinded independent central review has commenced and a global phase 3 trial is planned.
Conclusions Patients with anti-PD-1 therapy refractory advanced melanoma can achieve deep, durable responses in both injected and non-injected lesions with pIL-12-EP plus pembrolizumab. Intratumoral pIL-12-EP in combination with pembrolizumab was generally well tolerated, with minimal Grade 3 and no Grade 4/5 TRAEs.
Trial Registration NCT03132675
Ethics Approval The study was approved by a central IRB and/or local institutional IRB/Ethics Committee as required for each participating institution.
Consent Written informed consent was obtained from the patients participating in the trial; the current abstract does not include information requiring additional consent
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.