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511 Initial results of a phase 1 study of intratumoral ONCR-177, an oncolytic herpes-simplex virus-1 expressing five immunomodulatory transgenes, in subjects with advanced injectable tumors
  1. Jong Chul Park1,
  2. Hatem Soliman2,
  3. Gerald Falchook3,
  4. Taofeek Owonikoko4,
  5. Anna Spreafico5,
  6. Erminia Massarelli6,
  7. Meredith McKean7,
  8. Laura Chow8,
  9. Patrick Ott9,
  10. Robert Wesolowski10,
  11. Christos Fountzilas11,
  12. Corey Whalen12,
  13. Adrienne Yanez12,
  14. Christopher Dupont12,
  15. Julia Auer12,
  16. Tooba Cheema12,
  17. John Goldberg12,
  18. Ted Ashburn12 and
  19. Igor Puzanov11
  1. 1Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA
  2. 2Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, FL, USA
  3. 3Sarah Cannon Research Institute at HealthONE, Denver, CO, USA
  4. 4Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
  5. 5Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, Toronto, Canada
  6. 6City of Hope, Duarte, CA, USA
  7. 7Sarah Cannon Research Institute-Tennesse, Nashville, TN, USA
  8. 8Dell Seton Medical Center at the U. of Texas, Austin, TX, USA
  9. 9Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA, USA
  10. 10Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA
  11. 11Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center, Buffalo, NY, USA
  12. 12Oncorus, Inc, Cambridge, MA, USA


Background ONCR-177 is a recombinant oncolytic herpes simplex virus (oHSV) that retains γ34.5 and is engineered to express five immunomodulatory transgenes (IL-12, FLT3LG ECD, CCL4 and anti-PD-1 and anti-CTLA-4 antibodies) for the intratumoral treatment of solid tumors. Attenuation by miRNA leads to selective replication in tumor cells, and mutations in UL37 act as an orthogonal safety strategy. Transgenes elicit potent systemic stimulation of anti-tumor immunity.1 ONCR-177 is being tested in an open-label, multicenter, phase 1 study alone and in combination with pembrolizumab (NCT04348916), for surface lesion injection and intrahepatic injection. Here we present the surface lesion escalation data.

Methods The objectives were determination of safety and recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) of ONCR-177 monotherapy in subjects with advanced and/or refractory injectable surface lesions using a modified toxicity probability interval-2 (mTPI-2) escalation design at four dose levels: (Cohort 1: 1×106 PFU in 1 mL, Cohort 2: 1×107 PFU in 1 mL, Cohort 3: 1×108 PFU in 1 mL and Cohort 4: 4×108 PFU in 4 mL). Subjects received ONCR-177 by intratumoral injection once every 2 weeks (up to 10 times) until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. There was no intrapatient dose escalation.

Results As of June 28, 2021, 14 subjects with injectable tumors were enrolled in the dose escalation phase (3 in cohort 1, 4 in cohort 2, 3 in cohort 3 and 4 in cohort 4). Enrolled tumor types included: melanoma (3), breast (3), anal squamous cell (1), lung (1), duodenal (1), basal cell (1), chondrosarcoma (1), thyroid (1), oropharyngeal (1) and papillary renal cell (1). Subject median age was 67 years. Median number of prior lines of therapy was 4 (range 2–11), including 11 of 14 subjects with prior immunotherapy. Nine subjects were HSV-1 seropositive at baseline, 4 were negative, one was unknown. Treatment-related Adverse Events were all Grade 1–2. Most commonly reported were: cytokine release syndrome (2 occurrences in Cohort 4), fatigue, nausea, chills, headache, decreased appetite, hypotension, and injection site pain. There were no dose-limiting toxicities. The RP2D was selected as 4×108 PFU in 4 mL every 2 weeks up to 10 doses. Clinical data, including safety, viral shedding and exploratory biomarker data including peripheral payloads, peripheral cytokines and immune infiltration and PD-L1 expression in the tumor microenvironment will be presented.

Conclusions ONCR-177 monotherapy in heavily pretreated subjects with advanced, injectable, solid tumors at the RP2D was safe and tolerable. Enrollment at the RP2D is underway in monotherapy expansion.

Trial Registration NCT04348916


  1. Haines BB, Denslow A, Grzesik P, Lee JS, Farkaly T, Hewett J, Wambua D, Kong L, Behera P, Jacques J, et al. ONCR-177, an Oncolytic HSV-1 Designed to Potently Activate Systemic Antitumor Immunity. Cancer Immunol Res 2021;9: 291–308

Ethics Approval This study was approved by the following institutional Ethics Boards:-University Health Network Research Ethics Board (ID Number: 20-5069)-Integreview IRB (ID Number RM 694) -WCG IRB (ID Number: 20200150)-Advarra (ID Number: 00000971)-Roswell Park IRB (ID Number: STUDY00001189/P-553719)-The Ohio State University Cancer IRB (ID Number: 2020C0139) -Dana Farber Cancer Institute IRB (ID Number 354020)All participants gave informed consent before taking part in this clinical trial.

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