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795 APVO603: a dual 4-1BB and OX40 bispecific approach utilizing ADAPTIRTM technology designed to deliver a conditional T cell/NK response against solid tumors
  1. Michelle Nelson,
  2. Ashly Lucas,
  3. Rebecca Gottschalk,
  4. Catherine McMahan,
  5. Jane Gross and
  6. Hilario Ramos
  1. Aptevo Therapeutics, Seattle, WA, United States


Background APVO603 is a dual targeting bispecific antibody for 4-1BB (CD137) and OX40 (CD134), engineered with Aptevo's ADAPTIRTM technology. We have previously shown that the distinct characteristics of APVO603 may enable conditional agonism of 4-1BB and OX40 only when cross-linked through engagement of the other receptor via cis and/or trans cellular interactions. Thus, APVO603 is designed with the potential to overcome both the on-target toxicity and limited efficacy observed with 4-1BB and OX40 monoclonal antibody treatment in the clinic.

Methods Genevestigator Software was used to analyze curated transcriptomic data for the expression profiles of OX40 and 4-1BB across select human heme and solid cancer patient sample data sets, as well as, non diseased tissue. Primary inducible Treg (iTreg) cells were sub-optimally stimulated with an anti-CD3/CD28 antibody and cell proliferation was assessed using CFSE-labelled. Cytokines were measured using intracellular flow-based methods. For in vitro tumor lysis studies, activated T cells were co-cultured with Nuclight-labelled tumor cells expressing a tumor-associated antigen (TAA) and activated with TAA x CD3 bispecific protein. Live tumor cells were continually assessed using the Incucyte Live-Cell Analysis System and Cell-By-Cell Software Module.

Results OX40 and 4-1BB displayed distinct tumor expression profiles, however, several tumor indications were identified with high co-expression and may aid in identifying indications for the clinical development of APVO603. In vitro, APVO603 favored activation of effector T cell subsets and had minimal impact in augmenting iTreg cells proliferation, cytokine production or expression of effector-related molecules, despite the fact that a portion of the iTreg cells expressed OX40 and 4-1BB. The mechanistic activity of APVO603 resulted in dose-dependent control of in vitro tumor growth when paired with a T-cell activating TAA x CD3 bispecific under standard conditions or those leading to T cell exhaustion. In preclinical assays using PBMCs sub-optimally stimulated with TAA x CD3, APVO603 enhanced TAA-expressing tumor cell lysis when compared to TAA x CD3 alone.

Conclusions APVO603 is a dual-agonistic bispecific antibody that augments the effector function of activated CD4+ and CD8+ T cells and NK cells, but not iTreg cells, in a dose-dependent manner and reduces growth of tumors in vitro and in vivo. Further, mechanistic evaluation supports the ability of APVO603 to pair with T-cell modulating IO approaches to support a more fit T cell response and favorable TME. This preclinical data supports further development of APVO603, a promising immuno-oncology therapeutic with potential for benefit in hematologic and solid tumors.

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