Table 1

Baseline characteristics of enrolled patients

VariablesPatients with curative liver surgery
EpCAM+ (n=111)EpCAM− (n=169)P value
Number%Number%
Sex
 Male9081.113278.10.651
 Female2118.93721.9
Mean age (±SD)57.2 (±8.9)57.1 (±11.0)0.921
Hepatitis B
 No2522.54325.40.669
 Yes8677.512674.6
Hepatitis C
 No10594.615893.50.458
 Yes65.4116.5
Alcohol
 No8879.312272.20.205
 Yes2320.74727.8
Diabetes
 No1715.33420.10.345
 Yes9484.713579.9
AFP at diagnosis
 <100 ng/mL5953.213479.3<0.001
 ≥100 ng/mL5246.83520.7
BMI
 <256558.610260.40.804
 >254641.46739.6
Multiple tumors
 No8677.513479.30.767
 Yes2522.53520.7
Maximal tumor size
 <5 cm8576.612976.31.000
 >5 cm2623.44023.7
Vascular invasion
 No7063.112372.80.088
 Yes4136.94627.2
Differentiation
 Well4439.67041.40.804
 Moderate to poor6760.49958.6
Non-tumor cirrhosis
 No4944.19556.20.051
 Yes6255.97443.8
Antiviral treatment
 No2522.55834.30.044
 Yes8677.511165.7
  • AFP, alpha fetoprotein; BMI, body mass index.