Table 1

Human leukocyte antigen alleles of the patient

HLA lociAlleleAssociation with SLE susceptibilityPopulation (reference)
HLA-AA*02:01NA
A*11:01UncertainMalays and Chinese18
HLA-BB*15:01NA
B*54:01NA
HLA-CC*03:03NA
C*01:02NA
HLA-DQDQB1*05:01Risk factorChinese Taiwan19
DQB1*06:02 Risk factorEastern Asians11
European10 20
Saudis21
HLA-DRDRB1*01:01NA
DRB1*15:01 Risk factorEastern Asians11
Chinese Taiwan19 22
Japanese23
Koreans24
European10 20
HLA-DPDPB1*04:02NA
DPB1*05:01UncertainJapanese25
  • Alleles in bold font are considered to be more likely to increase the risk of SLE.

  • –, unknown; HLA, human leukocyte antigen; NA, not available; SLE, systemic lupus erythematosus.